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Family Sapindaceae

 

 

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Lepisanthes alata
Java, Borneo, Philippines. Small trees, twigs glabrous, rachis distinctly winged (Lat. alata). Mainly cultivated in villages on east coast.
Lepisanthes rubiginosa
kelat layu, mertajam
Small white fragrant flowers, fruit ripening from yellow, red, purple, to black. Common in K. Baru.
Lepisanthes rubiginosa.

Mischocarpus sundaicus
sugi
Common on sandy coasts, islands & estuaries or coastal swamps. India to Australia. Small tree to 6m, bushy crown. Young leaves pinkish and edible. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012.

Nephelium costatum Hiern
Endemic, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, NS & Melaka.  3-4 prs leaflets glabrous under.  Fr TH 6.2012

Nephelium juglandifolium
rambutan hutan, rambutan pachat

Sumatra, Java, Malaya. Lowland forest.To 30m tall, 3-7 prs leaflets. Fruits slightly flattened ellipsoid. Lat. leaves like the walnut Juglands.

Nephelium mutabile
pulasan
Like rambutan, but leaflets narrower, dark glossy green above, pale & glaucous beneath. Crimson to purple fruit with blunt fleshy spines. Pulp pale yellow, separates cleanly from seed.

Nephelium mutabile trunk.

Pometia pinnata
kasai
Sri Lanka, Andamans, S. China. Malesia. Leaf margins dentate, every other secondary nerve ending in a tooth. Spreading crown. Three forms recognised, edible fruits, young red foliage.

Pometia ridleyi
kasia daun licin

Malaya, Sumatra. Perak, Pahang, NS, Selangor. Large trees to 50 m. Boles with 2 m buttresses, bark dippled brown. Primary forests, hill slopes, by streams. Leaf secondary veins sunken above, looping up without ending at the margins under.

Pometia ridleyi stem.

Pometia ridleyi.

Xerospermum laevigatum Radlk.
rambutan pacat, gong
Burma, Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. Lat. smooth. Syn. with X. acuminatum Radlk. Lowland forest. To 30m, leaflets opposite, monoecious. Flesh around seed is edible, pulped stone/leaves are used to alleviate stomach ache.1 from TH 11/09.

 

Xeropspermum noronhianum Xeropspermum noronhianum Bl.
rambutan pacat, kikir buntal
2 spp, Bangladesh-Indo China.  Common in low lying forest in Malaya. To 25m, leaves w/1/2/3 prs opposite leaflets; flat glands above axis of veins or scattered over leaf. Fruit yellow. 2 specimens June 2008.

Xeropspermum noronhianum new leaf.


Last updated 30 July 2012.

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